Liu, Xiaoyuan

Introductory Seminar in East Asian History

Question of "China"
HIEA
1501
Undergraduate
Fall
2017

In this class the students read and discuss a series of major scholarships about China, exploring the question of “China” as a historical process, a civilization, a territorial area, a “nation,” a sociopolitical system, and a member of the international community.  Evaluation of the student’s performance in the class is based on biweekly book reports and participation in class discussions.

Course Instructor: 
Maximum Enrollment: 
15
Course Type: 

China and the Cold War

HIEA
3321
Undergraduate
Fall
2017

The class examines China’s entanglement with the Cold War from 1945 to the early 1990s. The course raises China-centered questions because it is curious in retrospect that China, a quintessential Eastern state, became so deeply involved in the Cold War, a confrontation rooted in Western history.  In exploring such questions, this course does not treat China as part of the Cold War but the Cold War as a period of Chinese history. Evaluation of the student's performance in the class is based on a midterm and a final test, and a brief paper.  

 

Course Instructor: 
Maximum Enrollment: 
35
Course Type: 

China and the United States

HIEA
3323
Undergraduate
Spring
2017

The course explores the relationship between China and the United State since the late 18th century.  Starting as an encounter between a young trading state and an ageless empire on the two side of the Pacific Ocean, the Chinese-American relationship has gone through stages characterized by the two countries’ changing identities, such as civilizational, national, ideological, strategic, or global.  By using both recent scholarly works and written records from the past, the course considers the historical contacts between China and the United States broadly and seeks to understand this intricate and profoundly important relationship by learning from insights at individual, communal, societal, state, and international levels.  

 

The course consists of lectures, occasional in-class discussions, and documentary films.  The student’s grade is based on participation, two in-class exams (midterm and final), a brief research-paper proposal, and a 12- to 15-page (double spaced) research paper.

Course Instructor: 
Maximum Enrollment: 
35
Course Type: 

New Course in East Asian History

China & the World in Cold War
HIEA
5559
Graduate
Spring
2017

The seminar is open to both graduate and undergraduate students. It will meet once a week and discuss important issues pertinent to China’s involvement in the Cold

War and relevant major scholarships.  Evaluation of the student's performance is based on biweekly book reviews, participation in class discussions, and a 20-page essay by the end of the semester.

Course Instructor: 
Maximum Enrollment: 
6
Course Type: 

Colloquium in East Asia

China & the World in Cold War
HIEA
4511
Undergraduate
Spring
2017

The seminar is open to both graduate and undergraduate students. It will meet once a week and discuss important issues pertinent to China’s involvement in the Cold

War and relevant major scholarships.  Evaluation of the student's performance is based on biweekly book reviews, participation in class discussions, and a 20-page essay by the end of the semester.

Course Instructor: 
Maximum Enrollment: 
6
Course Type: 

China’s Borderlands

HIEA
4511
Undergraduate
Spring
2016
“Frontier China” is a perpetual and perplexing phenomenon.  Ethnopolitical upheavals in China’s borderlands in the 20th century were just acts of Frontier China during the “national” era.  In China’s ancient imperial age, those territorially mobile dynasties often treated their frontiers as “leaves and branches” while seeing China proper as the “trunk and root” of state affairs. In contrast, entering the national era, China’s ethnic peripheries occupied the central stage of the nation’s political life and became key factors in forming the “Chinese nation.”  Yet, standard historical narratives about 20th-century China tend to overlook such continuous frontier character of China; China’s ethnic borderlands have either been ignored or considered marginal to the “mainstream” sociopolitical developments in the eastern half of China.
   
This seminar is designed to expose students to major works in the field and add a frontier dimension to students’ understanding of the Chinese history in the 20th century.  In this class the students read selected titles in clusters that address respectively these issues: (1) frontiers and “historical China,” (2) “centralizing nationalism” vs. “separatist nationalism”, and (3) integration, developments, and rights.  These titles are mainly but not exclusively about three regions that have been most active ethnopolitically: Mongolia (Inner and Outer), Tibet, and Xinjiang.  Aside from grasping the historical processes and issues involved, the students also practice historians’ handicraft and critique scholarly works in the field.
 
The student’s grade for the class is based on active participation in class discussions, bi-weekly book reviews (one single-spaced page), and a historiographical essay (15 double-spaced pages). 
Course Instructor: 

Historical China and the World

HIEA
3162
Undergraduate
Spring
2016
The course traces the evolution of China’s external relations from antiquity to our own times.  Situated in the geographic environment of the Asian Continent and being the birthplace of one of the world’s oldest living civilizations, China used to be at the center of a “world order” of East Asia and often acted as the hegemon of that region in the millennia prior to the 19th century.  China’s centrality in its own world was lost in the mid-19th century when Western powers brought drastic changes to the Asia-Pacific region.  In the next hundred years many Asian countries came under the Western colonial system; China also went through an arduous process of transformation from a “celestial empire” to a national state.  During the first half of the 20th century, China struggled with its imperial legacies in finding a new national identity while continuously enduring setbacks from domestic divisions and foreign aggressions.  After 1949, China, now under a communist system, reclaimed most of the territorial domain of the Qing Empire and began to challenge the Western world order as a revolutionary power.  In the post-Cold War years a reformed China reentered the international society.  In the meantime, the suspenseful “rise of China” has posed many questions to our times. 
 
This course identifies conceptions, practices, institutions, and relationships that characterized the inter-state relations of the so-called “East Asian world order,” and considers the interactions between “Eastern” and “Western,” and the “revolutionary” and “conventional” modes of China’s international behavior.  The students attend lectures and read major scholarly works on ancient and modern Chinese external affairs.  The student’s grade is based on participation, occasional quizzes, two tests (midterm and final), and a short essay (9-12 double-spaced pages).
Course Instructor: 

China and the Cold War

HIEA
3321
Undergraduate
Fall
2015

The class examines China’s entanglement with the Cold War from 1945 to the early 1990s. The course raises China-centered questions because it is curious in retrospect that China, a quintessential Eastern state, became so deeply involved in the Cold War, which was a confrontation rooted in Western history.  In exploring such questions, this course does not merely treat China as part of the Cold War but also treat the Cold War as a period of the Chinese history.

Course Instructor: 

New Course in East Asian History

"International History of East Asia"
HIEA
5559
Undergraduate
Fall
2015

This course is open to graduate and advanced undergraduate students.  Focusing on important international developments of East Asia during the 20th century, the course includes a reading segment exposing students to major scholarships in the field and a research segment designed to help students develop new or ongoing research projects.

Course Instructor: 

Tutorial in "China in Hot & Cold Wars in Modern Times" . . .

HIEA
9021
Graduate
Fall
2015

This tutorial explores three types of conflicts in China modern experiences: civil wars, international conflicts, and Cold War confrontations.  Reading materials include major scholarships on these topics. The class meets biweekly, and the students are evaluated on the basis of participation, short book reviews, and a final paper.

Reading List for “China in Wars”

Civil Wars

 

  • Titles on the Taiping Rebellion (such as Jonathan Spence, God’s Chinese Son: The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom of Hong Xiuquan; Stephen Platt, Autumn in the Heavenly Kingdom: China, the West, and the Epic Story of the Taiping Civil War)
  • Titles on the warlords of the early Republican period (Lucian Pye, Warlord Politics: Conflict and Coalition in the Modernization of Republican China; Edward McCord, The Power of the Gun: The Emergence of Modern Chinese Warlordism; His-sheng Chi, Warlord Politics in China)
  • Titles on the Nationalist-Communist political-military struggles (such as Odd Westad, Decisive Encounters: The Chinese Civil War, 1945-1950; Jay Taylor, The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China; Sun Shuyun, The Long March: The True History of Communist China’s Founding Myth)

 

International Conflicts

 

  • Titles on the Sino-French war, 1884-85 (such as Lloyd Eastman, Throne and Mandarins: China’s Search for a Policy during the Sino-French Controversy, 1880-85) 
  • Titles on the first Sino-Japanese war, 1894-95 (such as P.C.M. Paine, The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95
  • Titles on the Boxer war, 1900 (such as Joseph Esherick, The Origins of the Boxer Uprising; Paul Cohen, History in Three Keys)
  • Titles on China and World War I (such as Guoqi Xu, China and the Great War)
  • Titles on China and World War II, or the second Sino-Japanese war, 1937-45 (such as Rana Mitter, The Forgotten Ally; Hans van de Ven and Diana Lary, Negotiating China’s Destiny in World War II; Michael Schaller, The U.S. Crusade in China, 1938-45; P.C.M. Paine, The Wars for Asia, 1911-1949 )

 

Cold War Confrontations

 

  • Titles on the Korean War, 1950-53 (such as Chen Jian, China’s Road to the Korea War; Shu Guang Zhang, Mao’s Military Romanticism: China and the Korean War, 1950-1953; Shen Zhihua, Mao, Stalin, and the Korean War)
  • Titles on China and the Vietnam War, 1965-73 (such as Zhai Qiang, China and the Vietnam Wars, 1950-1975; Priscilla Roberts, Behind the Bamboo Curtain: China, Vietnam, and the World beyond Asia; Mari Olsen, Soviet-Vietnam Relations and the Role of China 1949-64; Lien-Hang T. Nguyen, Haoi’s War: An International History of the War for Peace in Vietnam)
  • Titles on the Sino-Indian border conflict, 1962 (such as Neville Maxwell, India’s China War, and same author, China’s Borders: Settlements and Conflicts; Jasjit Singh, China’s India War, 1962; John Garver, Protracted Contest: Sino-Indian Rivalry in the Twentieth Century)
  • Titles on the Sino-Soviet border conflict, 1969 (Lorenz Luthi, The Sino-Soviet Split; Mingjiang Li, Mao’s China and the Sino-Soviet Split: Ideological Dilemma; Sergey Radchenko, Two Suns in the Heavens: The Sino-Soviet Struggle for Supremacy, 1962-1967)
  • Titles on the Sino-Vietnam war, 1979 (such as Zhang Xiaoming, Deng Xiaoping’s Long War: The Military Conflict between China and Vietnam, 1979-1991; King C. Chen, China’s War with Vietnam, 1979; Odd Westad and Sophie Quinn-Judge, The Third Indochina War: Conflict between China, Vietnam and Cambodia, 1972-79; Nicholas Khoo, Collateral Damage: Sino-Soviet Rivalry and the Termination of the Sino-Vietnamese Alliance)
Course Instructor: 

Pages

Subscribe to Liu, Xiaoyuan

Corcoran Department of History
University of Virginia
Nau Hall - South Lawn
Charlottesville, VA 22904

  

Contact:
(434) 924-7147
(434) 924-7891
M-F 8am to 4:30pm
Department Contacts