The rise of Greek civilization through the seventh century B.C.. This discussion seminar will stress an interdisciplinary approach to the fragmented study of early Greek history, and use archaeological evidence as well as more traditional literacy sources to examine fundamental topics like the rise of the polish; the development of the idea of citizenship; the beginnings of coinage (and the questions of how to define value); the importance of purported changes in warfare; writing, literacy, and law-givers; the values of activities of the aristocracy (and how these can be identified and defined); colonizations; and the development of sanctuaries. We will read a mix of primary sources and secondary monographs (an established survey, either O. Murray's Early Greece or Jonathan Hall's A History of the Archaic Greek World; F. de Polignac, Cults, Territories, and the Origins of the Greek City-States; V. Hanson, The Other Greeks; I. Morris, Archeology as Cultural History, among others); some of the work of the course will be reports on the ever-burgeoning scholarship in this field. Requirements will include: two oral reports, one on an historical monograph and one on an archeological site; one exercise on evidence; one shorter paper analyzing a scholarly controversy; and one longer paper analyzing approaches to the 'rise of the polis' question. Reading will average 250 pages per week.