As a continuation of HIME 2001 (which is not a prerequisite), this course surveys the historical evolution of the Middle East and North Africa. We begin with the rise of the Ottoman Empire during the 16th century and continue through the development of the modern nation-state systems of the present century. In the process, we examine issues of state formation, class, gender, race, environment, war, and migration as we explore the evolving relationship between the MENA region and the rest of the world.
This course is an interpretive survey of American History covering the fourteen decades since the end of the Civil War. The main topics are the creation of a huge capitalist market economy, the ascent of the U.S. to world power and engagement in world affairs, and the many challenges of keeping a mass society democratic. There are two lectures and a discussion section each week. While a textbook supplies background, documents and iconography selected from primary sources emphasize the diversity of this nation’s past and highlight conflicting viewpoints. The heart of the class is the students’ engagement with the documents and iconography, in light of the lectures, and active participation in weekly discussions.
This course examines the history of the US since 1945 with a particular focus on political, social and economic changes. Topics covered include Civil Rights Movements; Cold War domestic politics; interest groups on the right and left; youth culture, counterculture and the sexual revolution; consumer culture; role of corporations in shaping American life; immigration; and the global influence of the American economy. Classes will include a mixture of lecture and discussion. Requirements include response papers, a mid-term and a final examination. Readings average 100 pages per week.
Jewish civilization is one of the oldest and most influential components of world religion and history. Yet the Jewish people never possessed a large empire and always constituted a tiny minority in numerical terms, even in ancient times. In the modern period, Jews experienced an equally dramatic fate, including two pivotal events at the epicenter of the twentieth century: the unprecedented catastrophe of the Holocaust and the improbable rise of the State of Israel. All along, Jews have repeatedly surfaced at key junctures in the political, intellectual, and cultural moments that define our world.
In this course, we will seek explanations for this unique history through surveying the basic narrative of Jewish history from the sixteenth century to the present. We will focus on the political, social, religious, and cultural transformations of Jewish life and identity around the world. Major topics to be discussed include political emancipation and the Hebrew Enlightenment, Zionism and modern Jewish politics, antisemitism and the Holocaust, the divergent paths of American and European Jewries, and post-World War II relations between global Jewry and the State of Israel. We will also examine how Jewish history relates to modern European, American, and Middle Eastern history.
This is an introductory course that assumes no prior knowledge of Judaism or Jewish history. We will read and critically analyze a variety of primary and secondary sources, including religious, political, and legal writings, artistic images and musical recordings, and scholarly studies. Our goal is to introduce you not only to the study of Jewish history, but also the related academic fields of Jewish Studies, European history, and world history. Equally importantly, we aim to provide you with a concrete sense of the methods and questions that professional historians use to engage the past.
HIEU 2102 follows HIEU 2101, Jewish History I: The Ancient and Medieval Experience, though the two may be taken independently. For history majors, HIEU 2102 satisfies the post-1700 Europe (HIEU) requirement. The course also feels a core requirement for the Jewish Studies major.
Requirements will include active course participation, two take-home short writing assignments, one short 500-word analytical essay, a midterm exam, and a final exam.
This course examines the presentation of the Holocaust on film from the immediate postwar period to present. It does so alongside the actual history of the Holocaust. Course involves viewing multiple films inside and outside of class. This includes original film footage, documentaries, and feature films. Course assignments include multiple writings and analyses on various topics of filmmaking and the Holocaust.
History is the study of change over time. This course will examine change in Virginia from about 1900 to the present. The course will study the creation of the great political machines of the 20th century in Virginia, governmental regulation of race relations, progressive regulatory reform, the eugenics movement, and Virginia’s “massive resistance” to school desegregation. The course will study the making of the modern Republican and Democratic parties in Virginia. The course will consider three major themes: (a) which groups have tried to empower which Virginians, at what times and utilizing which strategies, and which groups have tried to disempower which Virginians; (b) how have Virginians used racism to weave the political, social, moral, and economic fabric of modern Virginia; (c) in which respects were the changes in the political, economic, social and racial landscapes of Virginia during the first 45 years of the 20th century similar to such changes in the years following World War II?
Readings will average approximately 120 pages per week, and will be drawn from both primary documents and secondary material. Among the readings will be selections from Ronald L. Heinemann et al., Old Dominion/New Commonwealth: A History of Virginia, 1607-2005; J. Douglas Smith, Managing White Supremacy: Race, Politics and Citizenship in Jim Crow Virginia; Matthew D. Lassiter and Andrew B. Lewis, The Moderates’ Dilemma: Massive Resistance to School Desegregation in Virginia; and J. Harvie Wilkinson, III, Harry Byrd and the Changing Face of Virginia Politics, 1845-1966. The class meets twice per week. Approximately 2/3 of each class will be spent in lecture and 1/3 in guided class discussion. There will be a short answer mid-term exam, two short, 2-3 page papers, one 8-10 page term paper requiring the use of primary source materials, and an essay-type final examination.
The course is designed to introduce the Arabian Sea as a region linking the Middle East, East Africa, South and Southeast Asia. With a focus on both continuities and rupture, we study select cultures and societies brought into contact through trade, migration. and travel across the Indian Ocean over a broad arc of history. We explore how nobles, merchants, soldiers, statesmen, sailors, laborers, scholars, and slaves engaged in different types of mobility, and how their actions led to the forging of a shared world, from the early period until the present. By building a world-historical narrative that connects Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, we will be able to historicize many of the phenomena that we associate with “globalization” in the world today, while taking seriously the idea of seas as arenas of history.
A survey of the political, social, and institutional growth of the Roman Republic, with close attention given to its downfall and replacement by an imperial form of government; and the subsequent history of that imperial form of government, and of social and economic life in the Roman Empire, up to its own decline and fall. Readings of ca. 120 pages per week; midterm, final, and one seven-page paper.
Readings will be drawn from the following:
Sinnegan and Boak, A History of Rome (text)
Livy, The Early History of Rome
Plutarch, Makers of Rome
Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars
Tacitus, Annals of Imperial Rome
Apuleius, The Golden Ass
R. MacMullen, Roman Social Relations
and a course packet
Over a four-hundred-year period, approximately twelve million Africans were enslaved, traded, and transported across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas. Enslaved Africans lived, labored, and died in various regions of the Atlantic world, from Brazil to Barbados, South Carolina to St. Domingue. In this course, students will explore how slavery developed in one region of the Atlantic world, a small group of British colonies that would become the United States of America. We will delve into the history of slavery and emancipation in the United States by interrogating a variety of sources, from slave narratives to the American Constitution. Students will examine how slavery as an American economic, legal, and social institution evolved. By the end of the semester, students will have a strong understanding of not only the history of American slavery, but also how the vestiges of slavery influence contemporary American society.
There will be a mid-term exam, a final exam, a take-home writing assignment (5-7 pages), and occasional quizzes on course readings. Students will be expected to complete approximately 100 pages of reading per week.
How did Europeans become Germans or Italians? When did people start thinking of themselves
in national terms? Why did national identities become so powerful, and what might happen to
them next? This course examines the history of nationalism in modern Europe, from the 1700s
to the present day. We will consider the emergence and consolidation of European nation-states
in the eighteenth century; nationalist movements and the breakup of empires in the
nineteenth; ethnic cleansing and nationalist violence in twentieth-century Europe; as well as
the rise of the European Union and its challenges today. To explore different forms and
varieties of nationalism, we will study films, poems, paintings, and musical sources in addition
to scholarly texts. Through these sources, we will try to understand both the origins and the
prospects of nationalist sentiment in Europe.