The map is a fundamental artifact of human culture. It documents how individuals understood the spaces in which they lived, the relationships between nature and society, and the shape of the surrounding world. This course offers an interdisciplinary introduction to the history of maps and mapping (also known as the history of cartography) that ranges across the globe from oldest surviving images of pre-history to GIS systems of the present day. It approaches map history from a number of disciplinary perspectives, including the history of science, the history of cartography, literary studies, anthropology, historical geography, and spatial cognition and wayfinding. A core collection of about 150 maps, available online, will serve as the central resource for this course.
Studies the history of black Americans from the Civil War to the present.
This course will examine the role of the United States in the international arena from World War I to the present. In my lectures, I will examine the motivations, objectives, strategies, and tactics of U.S. policymakers. The course will focus on America's embroilment in two world wars; its Cold War struggle with the Soviet Union; its responses to revolutionary movements abroad; its intervention in Vietnam; its role as hegemon in the international economic system; and its struggle against terrorism and the wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria. It will conclude with an effort to put Donald Trump's "America First" foreign policy in historical perspective.
There will be two or three take-home writing assignments of 4-6 pages, plus a final take-home assignment of two questions asking students to write two essays of 4-5 pages each. I may ask for weekly reflections on the readings or give occasional quizzes.
Readings will average about 150-225 pages a week. There will be a textbook, a book of primary source documents, some additional weekly primary documents on UVA collab, and four or five short monographs (dealing with Woodrow Wilson and World War I, FDR and the coming of World War II, the Cold War, the Vietnam War, and contemporary challenges in Iraq and/or Syria).
This will not fulfill the second writing requirement.
This course examines the history of the American business enterprise from the workshop to the multinational corporation. We will explore the economic, legal and political factors that have helped to shape the business organization. Specific topics to be addressed include: relations between government and business; law and the rise of Big Business; the changing role of the entrepreneur; the developments of 'scientific management'; the reputation of businessmen as corporations expanded; the factors behind the rise of the multinational corporation; the importance of the individual(e.g Whitney, Ford, Sloan, Rockefeller, Carnegie, DuPont, etc) in developing business practices.
Students may find it to their advantage to have some background in American economic history (HIUS 2006) or economics; there are however, no prerequisites.
This class introduces Chinese history from its origins through the end of the 10th century. Its goal is to explore what makes Chinese civilization specifically Chinese and how the set of values, practices, and institutions we associate with Chinese society came to exist. Political, social, cultural, and intellectual history will all be covered, though not equally for all periods. Major themes of the course include intellectual developments, empire-building efforts, religious and popular beliefs, and Chinese interaction with other cultures and peoples. Required reading includes a variety of primary sources, book chapters, and articles. Final grades will be based on four quizzes, two short papers, and class participation. This course fulfills the College’s non-Western and historical perspective requirements. No previous knowledge of Chinese history is required.
What are the causes of social, economic, and political inequality in Latin America? How can environmental history help us understand these inequalities? In this lecture course, we will explore the ways that land, resources, and politics have driven and limited revolutionary movements in Latin America since independence. This is an introductory course that assumes no prior knowledge of Latin America.
Taught by Elena McGrath
Explores the history of the Middle East and North Africa from late antiquity to the rise to superpower status of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century. Topics include the formation of Islam and the first Arab-Islamic conquests; the fragmentation of the empire of the caliphate; the historical development of Islamic social, legal, and political institutions; science and philosophy; and the impact of invaders (Turks, Crusaders, and Mongols).
Are you curious about the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine? . . . or why Vladimir Putin meddled in last year's U.S. presidential election? Many explanations of contemporary events lie in Russia's imperial past, when it ruled over not only Ukraine but also Poland, Finland, Georgia, Armenia, and Central Asia (a sixth of the earth's land area, all told), yet still harbored an enormous inferiority complex vis-à-vis the countries of Western Europe.
We will begin with the reign of Peter the Great, and cover two centuries in which the Romanov dynasty struggled to bring Russia into the ranks of European and world powers by pursuing its economic, social, and cultural transformation, and by conquering ever more territories and populations. At the same time the tsars insisted on preserving many of Russia's traditional and distinctive features, including autocratic rule itself. This precarious situation ultimately led to social and political revolution, but almost as soon as tsarist rule ended in 1917, Russia and much of the empire were taken over by a new dictatorship, that of the Bolsheviks (Communists) under Vladimir I. Lenin. (This year of course marks the centennial of Russia's 1917 revolutions.)
About half the course is devoted to the last sixty years of the imperial (tsarist) period, from defeat in the Crimean War and implementation of the so-called Great Reforms (beginning with the abolition of serfdom), concluding with close analysis of the revolutions of 1905, February 1917, and October 1917. Special attention will be paid to the tsarist social hierarchy and the governance of diverse ethno-national populations.
You will be expected to read between 100 and 200 pages per week. The overview text is A History of Russia (vol. 1: to 1917) by Walter Moss. Being at the introductory level, the course is intended to teach you to think as historians do, and to consider the various types of sources that can be brought to bear on historical analysis. We'll be doing our own interpretation of a wide range of textual primary sources on tsarist Russia: literary classics such as the theatrical farce The Government Inspector (Nikolai Gogol), the novels Fathers and Children (Ivan Turgenev) and Hadji Murad (Leo Tolstoy), as well as shorter selections such as government documents and memoir excerpts by revolutionary activists, factory workers, and peasants. Graded work will include a map quiz, two take-home midterms, one 5-6 pp. paper, and a comprehensive final exam.
The class examines China’s entanglement with the Cold War from 1945 to the early 1990s. The course raises China-centered questions because it is curious in retrospect that China, a quintessential Eastern state, became so deeply involved in the Cold War, a confrontation rooted in Western history. In exploring such questions, this course does not treat China as part of the Cold War but the Cold War as a period of Chinese history. Evaluation of the student's performance in the class is based on a midterm and a final test, and a brief paper.
This course explores the war of 1948 in Palestine from the UN partition resolution of November 29, 1947 to the cease-fire agreements in early 1949. It has two narratives. The first thread of the course focuses on the voices of Jewish, Palestinians, and British contemporaries taken from diaries and letters from the period. We seek to capture the human element in this event, marked by such different outcomes as redemption and catastrophe, while telling a story of commingled Jewish and Palestinian histories. The second narrative places 1948 in Palestine in global perspective of decolonization, partitions, and forced migrations in the post-1945 world, as well as in an international history of self-determination, minority rights, and the emerging post-1945 world order. We combine then the local and the global.