Modern Latin America
This course examines modern Latin American history from independence to the present. It focuses on socioeconomic and political changes and on the ways different social actors -peasants, indigenous groups, workers, and women - have confronted and contributed to these changes. The course covers a number of periods: movements for independence and the early nineteenth century; Liberalism, export-led growth, and the formation of modern nation states; the Mexican revolution; industrialization, urbanization, and populism; the United States and Cuban revolution; the 1960s, Liberation Theology, and social movements; the crisis of underdevelopment and military regimes; Central American revolutions; and Latin America in the new global order, neoliberal economic restructuring, and transitions to democracy. The course will consider a number of key questions about the causes of underdevelopment, the roots of authoritarianism, the nature and causes of revolutionary movements, the questi on of human rights, the problem of social injustice, United States intervention, and the role of the Catholic Church.